Silver Glossary

March 1999

Precious Metals:Data & Statistics

Silver Glossary

Alloy
A substance composed of two or more metals. Sterling is an alloy of silver and copper.

Base Metal
An alloy or metal to which a coating or plating is applied.

Bright Finish
Highly polished, mirror-like finish produced with jeweler's rouge on a polishing wheel.

Buffing
Polishing metal with a flexible, rotating abrasive wheel.

Cast
Formed in a mold.

Chasing
A cold modeling process of ornamenting metal by hand. The design is created by using a small hammer to tap small tools and punches into the metal.

Coin
Silver made by melting down coins in the early 19th century (900/1,000 parts silver, 100 parts copper).

Cutlery
Implements used on the table, usually called flatware.

Electroplate
Articles consisting of a base metal coated with silver by the process of electrolysis.

Embossing
Creating raised designs on the surface of an object from the reverse side. No metal is removed in the technique that achieves this effect.

Engraving
Cutting lines into metal to articulate a design. Metal is removed for this effect.

Etching
Surface decoration bitten in with nitric acid.

Fine Silver
More than 999/1,000 pure, it's too soft for fabrication and is used mainly in the form of anodes or sheets for plating.

Flatware
Knives, forks, spoons and serving pieces.

Forging
The shaping of metal by heating and hammering.

Hollowware
Hollow serving vessels, including bowls, pitchers, tea pots, etc.

Oxidizing
Oxide application that darkens details of metal where applied.

Patina
Soft luster caused by tiny scratches that come with use.

Silverplate
Base metal – usually nickel silver or brass – coated with pure silver by electroplating.

Stamping
Impressing designs from dies into metal with heavy presses.

Sterling Silver
In the U.S., sterling signifies a quality standard defined as 92.5% pure silver.

Source: Silver Trust International, New York City; (212) 689-6601.



Copyright © 1999 by Bond Communications.


 

HomeAsk the ExpertBrainstormStatsSite of the WeekConsumer Press Scan
Your Business On-LineCalendarMagazine & Site ArchivesStaffSite Map
Professional Jeweler EventsGuide to Electronic Services
Classified On-LineJA Certification Study Session

Home Ask the Expert Brainstorm Stats Site of the Week Consumer Press Scan Your Business On-Line Calendar Staff Site Map